Sodium Formate – MSDS


1. Product Identification

Commercial name: SODIUM FORMATE
Chemical name: Formic acid, sodium salt
Synonyms: Natrium formate
CAS Number: 141-53-7
EINECS Number: 205-488-0
Chemical formula: NaCOOH
Molecular weight: 68.1
Structural formula: O=CH-O-Na
Company identification: ALDER S.p.A.
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2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

141-53-7 Sodium formate min 98.5 %

Hazards symbol: none
Risk Phrases: none

3.Hazard Identification


Inhalation: Inhalation of dust can irritate the respiratory tract with symptoms of sore throat, coughing, and shortness of breath.

Causes irritation to the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Skin Contact: Causes irritation to skin. Symptoms include redness, itching, and pain.
Eye Contact: Causes irritation, redness, and pain.
Chronic exposure: No information found.
Aggravation of preexisting conditions: No information found.


See Section 12

4. First Aid Measures

Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.
Ingestion: Induce vomiting immediately and give large amounts of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention.
Skin Contact: Immediately flush skin with plenty of water and soap for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.

5. Fire Fighting Measures

Fire: Not considered to be a fire hazard.
Explosion: Not considered to be an explosion hazard.
Fire extinguishing media: Water, carbon dioxide.
Special information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the positive pressure mode. Cool the containers exposed to fire.
May emit toxic fumes under fire conditions (carbon monoxide).
Explosion hazards: None known.

6. Accidental Release Measures

Ventilate area of leak or spill. Eliminate ignition sources. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as specified in Section 7.
Spills: Sweep up and containerize for disposal. Avoid dust dispersal. Dispose in accordance with all state and local environmental regulations.

7. Handling and Storage

Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area, away from flame and ignition sources. Sodium formate is hygroscopic and has a tendency to cake during storage. Prevent moisture uptake. Protect against physical damage. Observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.
Use chemical safety goggles, PVC or rubber gloves, dust masks and clean body-covering clothing.
An emergency eye wash fountain should be available in work area.

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

PRECAUTIONS: See Section 7
TVL-STEL none listed
ROUTES OF ENTRY: Inhalation:
Personal protection equipment:
dust mask
Personal protection equipment:
PVC or rubber gloves
Personal protection equipment:
chemical safety goggles

9. Physical Chemical Properties

Appearance: White free flowing crystals
Odor: Odorless to slight formic acid odor.
Solubility in water: 4.8% @ 20°C
54.7% @ 60°C
Boiling Point: Decomposes.
Melting Point: 253°C (487°F)
Flash point: n/a
pH: n/a
Specific gravity (water=1): 1.92
Vapor density (air=1): n/a
Vapor pressure (mm Hg): n/a
Flammable limits: lower: n/a
upper: n/a

10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability: stable, suitable for any general chemical storage area. Hygroscopic, readily absorbs moisture from the air. Solutions are strong bases.

Hazardous decomposition products: At higher temperatures, substance decomposes into sodium oxalate and hydrogen, then into sodium carbonate. Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide may form when heated to decomposition.
Hazardous polymerization: This substance does not polymerize
Incompatibilities: Reacts with strong acids to form formic acid fumes.
Conditions to avoid: Strong oxidizing agents.

11. Toxicological Information

TOXICITY: LD50 (oral-mouse) 11.2 g/kg
ACUTE AND CHRONIC HEALTH HAZARDS: low degree of acute toxicity. Non irritating to the skin and mildly irritating to the eyes.
EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE: no effects of overexposure are documented

12. Ecological Information

Environmental fate: no information found.
Environmental toxicity: no information found.

13. Disposal Considerations

Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste disposal facility. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose in accordance with state and local requirements.
Do not throw on the ground, in water streams or in sewage.

14. Transport Information

Not regulated

15. Regulatory Information

LABELING (according to 67/548 CEE Directive and latest amendments)

Hazard symbol: none
Classification: unlisted
Risk phrases: none
Safety phrases: none

16. Additional Information

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no way shall ALDER be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if ALDER has been advised of the possibility of such damages.